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Washington Metro’s Unemployment Rate at 4.0 percent

Wednesday, August 31, 2016
(Washington, DC) - The District of Columbia Department of Employment Services (DOES) reported today that the preliminary July job estimates show an increase of 2,300 jobs for a total of 2,674,600 jobs in the Washington Metropolitan Division. The private sector increased by 1,100 jobs, while the public sector increased by 1,200 jobs. The Washington Metropolitan Division's not seasonally adjusted July 2016 unemployment rate was 4.0 percent, which is unchanged from the June rate of 4.0 percent. The Washington Metropolitan Division unemployment rate was 4.7 percent in July 2015, but has since decreased by 0.7 percentage points to the current 4.0 percent.
 
Over-the-Month Area Civilian Labor Force, Employment and Unemployment Data
 
The total civilian labor force in the Washington Metropolitan Division for July 2016 was 2,649,200, of which 2,542,400 were employed and 106,900 were unemployed.  The unemployment rate was 4.0 percent.  The total civilian labor force in the Suburban Ring of the Communities surrounding the District of Columbia was 2,941,200, of which 2,834,000 were employed and 107,300 were unemployed.  The unemployment rate for this area was 3.6 percent.  In the Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes the Washington Metropolitan Division and the Bethesda-Gaithersburg-Frederick, Maryland Metropolitan Division, the civilian labor force was 3,340,700, of which 3,208,700 were employed and 132,100 were unemployed.  The unemployment rate for this area was 4.0 percent.  For the month, the unemployment rates for the Washington Metropolitan Division and the Suburban Ring were unchanged, while the unemployment rate for the Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area increased by 0.1 percentage point.
 
Over-the-Year Area Civilian Labor Force, Employment and Unemployment Data
 
The Washington Metropolitan Division’s civilian labor force increased over the year by 12,400, while the number of employed increased by 28,800, and the number of unemployed decreased by 16,300. The civilian labor force for the Suburban Ring increased over the year by 11,600, while the number of employed increased by 28,200, and the number of unemployed decreased by 16,600.  Meanwhile, the Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area’s civilian labor force increased by 15,300, while the number of employed increased by 35,200 and the number of unemployed decreased by 19,800.  For the year, the unemployment rate for the Washington Metropolitan Division decreased by 0.7 percentage points, while the unemployment rates for the Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Suburban Ring decreased by 0.6 percentage points each.
 
Metropolitan Division’s Job Growth
 
Total wage and salary employment in the Washington Metropolitan Division increased over the month by 2,300 jobs. The private sector increased by 1,100 jobs, and the public sector increased by 1,200 jobs over the month.  Five private sectors along with the federal and state government had over-the-month job gains. Job gains were registered in professional and business services which gained (1,300 jobs); information gained (500 jobs); manufacturing gained (600 jobs); financial activities gained (1,300 jobs); and other services gained (1,700 jobs) .  Four private sectors along with the local government had over-the-month job losses. Job losses was registered in education and health services which lost (1,400 jobs); trade, transportation, and utilities lost  (500 jobs); leisure and hospitality lost (1,600 jobs); and  mining, logging and construction lost (800 jobs).  Government overall  gained (1,200 jobs) over the month. State government gained (19,700 jobs), while the federal government increased  by (900 jobs), and the local government decreased by (19,400 jobs). 
 
During the last 12 months, employment in the Washington Metropolitan Division increased by 76,800 jobs. The private sector added 57,800 jobs, while the public sector gained 19,000 jobs. Professional and business services reported the greatest year-over growth, up 18,700 jobs. Eight other private sector industries along with the federal, state and local government posted year-over job gains: Educational and health services gained (12,400 jobs); mining, logging and construction gained (4,600 jobs); other services gained (3,200 jobs); leisure and hospitality gained (8,700 jobs); financial activities gained (100 jobs); trade, transportation and utilities gained (10,600 jobs); and manufacturing gained (800 jobs). Information recorded the greatest year-over downturn, down 1,300 jobs.
 
Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area Explanations
 
Estimated Labor Force and Employment for the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division includes: The District of Columbia, Virginia Cities of Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, Manassas Park and the Virginia Counties of Arlington, Clarke, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudon, Prince William, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Warren, Rappahannock and Culpeper; the Maryland Counties of Calvert, Charles, and Prince Georges; and the West Virginia County of Jefferson.
 
The estimates for the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area will be the summation of the estimates for the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division (contained in this release) and the Bethesda-Gaithersburg-Frederick, MD Metropolitan Division (to be released by the Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation).
 
Data reflects the 2015 annual benchmark revisions.