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Washington Metro Region Adds 8,100 Jobs in May

Wednesday, July 3, 2019

(Washington, DC) - The District of Columbia Department of Employment Services (DOES) reported today that the preliminary May job estimates show an increase of 8,100 jobs for a total of 2,738,900 jobs in the Washington Metropolitan Division. The private sector increased by 6,800 jobs, while the public sector increased by 1,300 jobs. The Washington Metropolitan Division's not seasonally adjusted May 2019 unemployment rate was 3.2 percent, which is up 0.3 percentage points from the April rate of 2.9 percent.  The Washington Metropolitan Division’s unemployment rate was 3.2 percent in May 2018, unchanged from the current unemployment rate of 3.2 percent.

Over-the-Month Area Civilian Labor Force, Employment and Unemployment Data

The total civilian labor force in the Washington Metropolitan Division for May 2019 was 2,752,500, of which 2,665,800 were employed and 86,800 were unemployed.  The unemployment rate was 3.2 percent.  The total civilian labor force in the Suburban Ring of the Communities surrounding the District of Columbia was 3,025,500, of which 2,939,800 were employed and 85,800 were unemployed.  The unemployment rate for this area was 2.8 percent.  In the Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes the Washington Metropolitan Division and the Bethesda-Gaithersburg-Frederick, Maryland Metropolitan Division, the civilian labor force was 3,439,600, of which 3,332,100 were employed and 107,600 were unemployed.  The unemployment rate for this area was 3.1 percent.  For the month, the unemployment rate for the Washington Metropolitan Division increased by 0.3 percentage points while the unemployment rates for the Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Suburban Ring increased by 0.2 percentage points from the previous month’s rate.

Over-the-Year Area Civilian Labor Force, Employment and Unemployment Data

The Washington Metropolitan Division’s civilian labor force increased over the year by 39,600, while the number of employed increased by 39,200, and the number of unemployed increased by 500.  The civilian labor force for the Suburban Ring increased over the year by 34,600, while the number of employed increased by 35,300, and the number of unemployed decreased by 600.  Meanwhile, the Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area’s civilian labor force increased by 44,100, while the number of employed increased by 44,500 and the number of unemployed decreased by 300.  For the year, the unemployment rate for the Washington Metropolitan Division was unchanged from a year ago while the unemployment rates for the Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Suburban Ring decreased by 0.1 percentage point from a year ago.

Metropolitan Division’s Job Growth

Total wage and salary employment in the Washington Metropolitan Division increased over the month by 8,100 jobs. The private sector increased by 6,800 jobs, while the public sector increased by 1,300 jobs over-the-month.  Four private sectors had over-the-month job gains. Job gains were registered in: manufacturing services increased by (500 jobs) mining, logging and construction services increased by (1,600 jobs); trade, transportation and utilities increased by (4,900 jobs); leisure and hospitality services increased by (4,900 jobs). Job losses were registered in: Information services decreased by (700 jobs); financial activities decreased by 1,000 jobs); professional and business services decreased by (1,700 jobs); educational and health services decreased by (1,500 jobs) and other services decreased by (200 jobs). Government overall increased by (1,300 jobs) over the month. The federal government decreased by (600 jobs); state government decreased by (700 jobs) and the local government increased by (2,600 jobs). 

During the last 12 months, employment in the Washington Metropolitan Division increased by 23,900 jobs. The private sector increased by 21,800 jobs, while the public sector increased by 2,100 jobs. The private sector gains over the year were: mining, logging and construction services gained (1,100 jobs); professional and business services gained (7,100 jobs); educational and health services gained (7,400 jobs); leisure and hospitality services gained (12,700 jobs) and other services remained the same as the prior year.  The private sector losses were: manufacturing services loss (500 jobs); trade, transportation and utilities services loss (2,400 jobs); information services loss (1,500 jobs) and financial activities services loss (2,100 jobs). The Federal government loss (400 jobs), while the State government gained (1,500 jobs) and the local government gained (1,000 jobs).

Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area Explanations

Estimated Labor Force and Employment for the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division includes: The District of Columbia, Virginia Cities of Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, Manassas Park and the Virginia Counties of Arlington, Clarke, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudon, Prince William, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Warren, Rappahannock and Culpeper; the Maryland Counties of Calvert, Charles, and Prince Georges; and the West Virginia County of Jefferson.

The estimates for the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area will be the summation of the estimates for the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division (contained in this release) and the Bethesda-Gaithersburg-Frederick, MD Metropolitan Division (to be released by the Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation).

Data reflects the 2018 annual benchmark revisions.
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